The Republic of Kazakhstan has really big territory. From the steep north of Central Asia to the spurs and great ice peaks of Tien Shan mountains, till the Chinese border. Here the steppes, salt-marshes and deserts are full of aromatic herbs and mountain lakes are surrounded by pine-birch forests adjoin. In the architecture and culture of Kazakhstan intertwined different epochs: the turquoise domes of mosques compete with the modern streets of the new capital, Astana, and the cities of the ancient Silk Road - with the Baikonur spaceport.
There are favorable conditions for all types of tourism in Kazakhstan. The special climatic conditions, such natural factors as brine and mud of mineral lakes, healing air enriched with phytoncides of plants, evolved sanatorium- and spa- treatment. The center of beach recreation in the republic is the coast of the Caspian Sea, and the center of skiing is the mountain resort Chymbulak. Huge national parks and nature reserves of Kazakhstan, untouched by human expanses make the country almost ideal for ecotourism and active rest.
Kazakh cuisine reflects the traditional way of life of the nomadic people for Central Asia, but Russian culture has had a significant influence on the cuisine of this country. The main national dishes of the country are beshbarmak, meat broth - sorpa, kuurdak (fried potato with slices of liver, lungs and kidneys), Kazakh plov "Palau", which has a lot of meat. For cooking, for the most part, kazakhs use lamb, beef, horse meat, sometimes camel meat. Dishes from fish are traditional for inhabitants of the Caspian coast, coast of Aral sea and Syr-Darya river. Traditional Kazakh bread is baked on charcoal. The main dessert in Kazakhstan is chak-chak, fried sweets prepared on the basis of honey.
Kazakhstan has many, many things to offer to travelers. And among them - the brine of mineral lakes, therapeutic mud and centuries-old traditions of kumysotherapy. Here has formed a system of health tourism, the possibility of beach recreation is realized on the shores of the Caspian See and small salt lakes. Ski resorts, national park trails, ancient relics provide a good rest, full of good and pleasure.
Capital – Astana
Time zone UTC + 05: 00 and UTC + 06: 00
Main airports: Almaty, Alma-Ata / Nursultan Nazarbayev, Astana/
Climate: In the most part of Kazakhstan the climate is sharply continental, characterized by a large drop in annual temperatures. Only in the southwestern part of the country, on the shore of the Caspian Sea, the climate is more moderate.
Winter in Kazakhstan is long and severe in the north, short and moderately cold in the south. The average temperature in January in the northern part of the country is -19 ° C, in the southern part -5 ° C. Air masses that form to the south of Kazakhstan, can bring a thaw.
Summer is cool and short in the northern part of the country, the temperature of July here is about 17 ° C. In the south of Kazakhstan the summer is hot, arid with daytime temperatures exceeding the 30 ° C mark.
Season: All year round.
The recommended length of stay is 7-10 days.Places must see:
- Monument to Astana-Baiterek
- Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Mausoleum
- Baikonur Spaceport
- Khan Shatyr
- Nur-Astana Mosque
- Hazret Sultan Mosque
- Underground mosque Becket-Ata
- The mausoleum of Arystan-Baba
- Ascension Cathedral of Almaty city
- Aksu-Zhabagly Reserve
- Altyn-Emel National Park
- Singing dunes
- Petroglyphs of Tamgaly-Tas
- Borovoye Resort (Burabay)
- Big Almaty Lake
- Issyk Lake
- Balkhash Lake
- Aral Sea
- Charyn Canyon